The City of Effingham incorporated in 1867 and the Police Department was formed in 1867. Effingham has a current population of 12,600 and is the county seat in Effingham County. The Effingham Police Department is composed of:
- 27 Sworn Officers
- 10 Telecommunicators
- 4 Administrative Staff
- 3 Part Time Sworn Officers
- 4 Part Time Telecommunicators
The Effingham Police Department consists of:
- Field Operations
- Criminal Investigations
- Support Services
- 911 Telecommunications
Patrol consists of two patrol commanders and four field supervisors. Patrol is divided into four squads. Effingham Police Department has one dual purpose canine trained in both drug detection and apprehension. The Department also has officers trained in special weapons and tactics (commonly referred to as SWAT).
Criminal Investigations consists of detectives investigating person, property and narcotics crimes. Detectives are trained in a variety of specialty categories such as sexual assault, death investigation, drug enforcement and crime scene processing. Criminal Investigations has one technical assistant who is responsible for the management of the Department's evidence vault and assists the detectives with investigations.
Telecommunications is responsible for dispatching calls for service to police, fire and emergency medical services by answering telephone lines and assisting and supporting public safety. Effingham Police Department Telecommunications is the primary Public Safety Answering Point (PSAP) for Mutual Aid Box Alarm System (MABAS) 54 fire services.
Records is responsible for the management and dissemination of all records in possession of the Effingham Police Department. The The Records Supervisor serves as the primary Department FOIA (Freedom of Information Act) Officer.