The City of Effingham incorporated in 1867 and the Police Department was formed in 1867. Effingham has a current population of 12,400 and is the county seat in Effingham County. The Effingham Police Department is composed of:
- 26 Sworn Officers
- 10 Telecommunicators
- 4 Administrative Staff
- 3 Part Time Sworn Officers
- 6 Part Time Telecommunicators
The Effingham Police Department is divided into two Divisions consisting of four Bureaus:
- Field Operations
- Bureau of Patrol
- Bureau of Criminal Investigations
- Support Services
- Bureau of Communications
- Bureau of Records and Archives
Bureau of Patrol
The Bureau of Patrol consists of two patrol commanders and four field supervisors. The Bureau of Patrol is divided into four patrol squads and two powershifts. The powershifts have duty hours consisting of days and hours of high call volumes which are being reported to the Police Department. Within the Bureau are two dual purpose patrol canines, as well as officers trained in special weapons and tactics (commonly referred to as SWAT).
Bureau of Criminal Investigations
The Bureau of Criminal Investigations consists of detectives investigating person, property and narcotics crimes. Detectives are trained in a variety of specialty categories such as sexual assault, death investigation, drug enforcement and crime scene processing. The Bureau of Criminal Investigations has one technical assistant who is responsible for the management of the Department's evidence vault and assists the detectives with investigations.
Bureau of Communications
The Bureau of Communications is responsible for dispatching calls for service to police, fire and emergency medical services by answering telephone lines and assisting and supporting public safety. Bureau of Communications is the primary PSAP (Public Safety Answering Point) for regional MABAS (Mutual Aid Box Alarm System) fire services.
Bureau of Records and Archives
The Bureau of Records and Archives is responsible for the management and dissemination of all records in possession of the Effingham Police Department. The Bureau of Records and Archives Supervisor serves as the primary Department FOIA (Freedom of Information Act) Officer.