In a typical home fire, smoke, heat and toxic gases build up rapidly. When the smoke detector sounds, get out of the building immediately before your escape route is blocked. To survive a fire: install and maintain smoke detectors and practice an escape plan.
Here are some safety tips:
- Install smoke detectors on every level and outside each sleeping area.
- Test them monthly.
- Replace them every ten years or as needed.
- Never disable your detector.
- Put a lid on a grease fire to smother it then turn off the heat. Baking soda will also work.
- Wear tight-fitting sleeves when cooking. Loose sleeves easily catch fire.
- Never throw water on a grease fire. Water will only spread the fire around.
- Never move a burning pan. You can too easily ignite your clothes or spill the fire onto someone or something else.
- Stand by your pan! Never leave cooking unattended.
Match and lighter safety
- Purchase child-resistant lighters.
- Keep all matches and lighters out of reach and sight of children. A high, locked cabinet is recommended.
- Teach children that matches and lighters are not toys, they are tools for grownups.
- Teach young children to tell a grown-up when they see matches or lighters Iaying around.
- Never give a lighter to a child as a toy.
- Put candle holders on a sturdy, uncluttered surface.
- Light candles carefully. Keep your hair and any loose clothing away from the flame.
- Don't burn a candle all the way down — put it out before it gets too close to the holder or container.
- Never use a candle if oxygen is used in the home.
- During a power outage, have flashlights and battery-powered lighting ready to use. Never use candles.
Home escape plan
- Practice your home escape plan with the whole family twice a year.
- Plan 2 ways out of each room. The easy way out is probably the door, and the second way out might be a window.
- If you plan for a child or a senior to exit a window, make sure they can open it easily.
- If you can't get out, close your door and go to the window and signal for help.
- Teach children never to hide under beds or in closets.
- If you must go through smoke, crawl low. The coolest, cleanest air will be about 18 inches off the ground.
- Have a meeting place outside where everyone will meet.
- Be able to tell the fire department if everyone is out safely.
- Get out, stay out; don't go back into a burning building for anything.